1st Khagan of the Mongol Empire
(1162 - August 18, 1227)
Genghis Khan was the founder and first Great Khan of the Mongol Empire,
which became the largest contiguous empire in history after his death.
He came to power by uniting many of the nomadic tribes of Northeast Asia.
After founding the Empire and being proclaimed "Genghis Khan",
he launched the Mongol invasions that conquered most of Eurasia.
Although known for the brutality of his campaigns
and considered by many to have been a genocidal ruler,
Genghis Khan is also credited with bringing the Silk Road
under one cohesive political environment.
This brought communication and trade from Northeast Asia
into Muslim Southwest Asia and Christian Europe,
thus expanding the horizons of all three cultural areas.