Leonardo da Vinci was an Italian polymath of the Renaissance,
whose areas of interest included invention, painting, sculpting, architecture,
science, music, mathematics, engineering, literature, anatomy, geology,
astronomy, botany, writing, history, and cartography.
He has been variously called the father of palaeontology, ichnology, and architecture,
and is widely considered one of the greatest painters of all time.
Sometimes credited with the inventions of the parachute, helicopter and tank,
he epitomised the Renaissance humanist ideal.